Immovable cultural property Material cultural property
Žurkovo is the largest cove in Kostrena, and has a rich history closely connected to the sea. This is a place where many fishermen, sailors and sea captains lived in typical coastal houses built along the shore. One of the most prominent people born in Žurkovo was Erazmo Bernard Tićac (1904-1968), a naval architect and the chief designer of the NS Savannah, the first nuclear-powered merchant ship built under President Eisenhower’s “Atoms for Peace” initiative. The Savannah was launched on 21 July 1959 and remained in service until 1971, after which it was transformed into a museum ship. During her service, the Savannah sailed into the port of Rijeka on several occasions, for the first time on 19 November 1966. The birthplace of Erazmo Tićac in Kostrena features a memorial plaque commemorating his achievements. From the end of the 19th century until the second half of the 20th, Žurkovo had a shipyard. A shipyard had been established in 1889 in Vela Kava when the quarry for the construction of the ports of Rijeka and Sušak was opened. After it was closed at the beginning of the 20th century, another was opened in Žurkovo, but its work was interrupted by the outbreak of World War One. The shipyard was reopened in 1938 by Josip Bonifačić and his companions. After the end of the war, the shipyard continued to operate as part of North Adriatic Small Shipyards until 1962. Today, the locals still repair their boats at the location of the former shipyard. The multitrophy winning Galeb Sailing Club, one of the most famous in the northern Adriatic, is also here. It was founded in 1933 in the Hotel Jadran in Sušak. From 1953, the club’s headquarters were in the cove of Martinšćica until 1963, when they moved to Žurkovo. Since 1967, the club has been located at its current location in a former seaplane hangar, the construction of which
has remained unchanged to this day.
Žurkovo Bay is the largest bay in Kostrena. At the northern end of the bay there is a beautiful beach, used by inhabitants for swimming in the summer months. During summer, numerous boats are moored on buoys in the bay, but during the winter this significantly reduces because the bay is exposed to the waves of the southeast and southwest. Also along the southeast wind, the bora is a common phenomenon in the bay, blowing with gale force. In the bay there are several piers and a small shipyard, and in the southeastern part there is the Sailing Club Galeb. It is an interesting shipyard where the classic ramp (slipway with blocks and rails) is still in operation and as one of the few in Kvarner.